Anderson, B. W., 1980, Gem Testing: 9th edn., Butterworths, London.

Anderson, B. W., 1976, Gems for Everyman: Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.

Bruton, E., 1978, Diamonds: Chilton Radnor, PA.

Cipriani, C. and Borelli, A., 1986, Simon and Schuster's Guide to Gems and Precious Stones: Simon and Schuster, New York.

DeSautel, P. E., 1974, The Gem Kingdom: Random House, New York.

Dietrich, R. V., 1985, The Tourmaline Group: Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.

Farn, A. E., 1986, Pearls, Natural, Cultured and Imitation: Butterworths, London.

Federman, D., 1990, Modern Jewelers' Consumers Guide to Colored Gemstones: Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.

Gill, J. O., 1978, Gill's Index to Journals, Articles, and Books relating to Gems and Jewelry: G.I.A., Santa Monica, California.

Gubelin, E. J. and Koivala, J., 1986, Photoatlas of Inclusions in Gemstones: ABC Edition, Zurich, Switzerland.

Hughes, R. W., 1997, Ruby and Sapphire: RWH Publishing, Boulder, Colorado.

Hurlbut, C. S. and Kammerling, R. S., 1991, Gemology: John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Jewelers of America, 1990, The Gemstone Enhancement Manual: Jewelers of America, New York.

Keller, P. C., 1990, Gemstones and Their Origins: Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.

Keller, P. C., 1992, Gemstones of East Africa: Geoscience Press, Inc., Phoenix, Arizona.

Liddicoat, R. T., Jr., 1981, Handbook of Gem Identification: 11th edition, G.I.A., Santa Monica, California.

Liddicoat, R. T., Jr. (Ed.), 1993, The GIA Diamond Dictionary: 3rd edition, G.I.A., Santa Monica, California.

Love, E. S., 1985, A Manual For the Standard Round Brilliant - Optimizing the proportions for diamond and colored stones and related topics: unpublished manuscript.

Marcum, D., 1986, The Dow-Jones-Irwin Guide to Fine Gems and Jewelry: Dow Jones-Irwin, Homewood, IL.

Miller, A. M. and Sinkankas, J., 1994, Standard Catalogue of Gem Values, 2nd edition: Geoscience Press, Inc., Tucson, Arizona.

Nassau, K., 1980, Gems Made by Man: Chilton, Radnor, Pennsylvania.

Nassau, K., 1983, The Physics and Chemistry of Color: John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Nassau, K., 1984, Gemstone Enhancement: Chilton, Radnor, Pennsylvania.

Newman, R. 1991, The Ruby and Sapphire Buying Guide: How to Spot Value and Avoid Rip-offs: International Jewelry Publications, Los Angeles, CA.

O'Donoghue, M., 1988, Gemstones: Chapman and Hall, London.

O'Donoghue, M., 1987, Quartz: Butterworths, London.

Roskin, G. A., 1994, Photo Masters for Diamond Grading: Gemworld International, Inc., Northbrook, Illinois.

Rouse, J. D., 1986, Garnet: Butterworths, London.

Sinkankas, J., 1981, Emeralds and other Beryls: Chilton, Radnor, Pennsylvania.

Sinkankas, J., 1988, Sinkankas Standard Catalog of Gem Values: Geoscience Press, Prescott, Arizona.

Themelis, T., 1992, The Heat Treatment of Ruby and Sapphire, (no city), Gemlab, Inc.

Vargas, G. and Vargas, M., 1969, Faceting for Amateurs: Vargas, Thermal, California.

Voynick, S. M., 1985, The Great American Sapphire: Mountain Press Publishing Co., Missoula, Montana.

Webster, R., 1983, Gems: Their Source, Description and Identification: 4th edition, revised by Anderson, Butterworths, London.

Zucker, B., 1984, Gems and Jewels: A Connoisseur's Guide: Thornes and Hudson, New York.

Zucker, B., 1979, How to Buy and Sell Gems: Everyone's Guide to Rubies, Sapphires, Emeralds and Diamonds: Times Books, New York, NY.

Notes Index | Corundum | Beryl | Diamond | Pearl | Opal | Jade | Topaz | Tourmaline
Peridot | Garnet | Zircon | Spinel | Quartz | Metals | References | Review Notes | Home

Updated 08/20/09
Comments and questions to
Department of Geological Sciences
The University of Texas at Austin